Knee

Knee Anatomy

Knee Anatomy

The knee is a complex joint made up of different structures including bones, tendons, ligaments and muscles.

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Conditions

Knee Pain

The knee is one of the largest joints in the body, formed by the lower end of the femur, upper end of the tibia and the patella or knee cap.

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Anterior Knee Pain

Anterior knee pain is a characterized by a chronic pain over the front and center of the knee joint.

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Runner’s Knee

Runner's knee, also called patellofemoral pain syndrome refers to pain under and around your kneecap.

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Osgood Schlatter Disease

Osgood-Schlatter disease refers to a condition of an overuse injury that occurs in the knee region of growing children and adolescents.

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Chondromalacia Patella

The patella, also called the kneecap is a small bone present on the front of your knee joint.

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Jumper’s Knee

Jumper’s knee, also known as “patellar tendinitis" is an inflammation of the patellar tendon that connects your kneecap (patella) to your shinbone.

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Bursitis

A bursa is a small fluid-filled sac found between soft tissues and bones.

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Baker’s Cyst

The knee consists of a fluid called synovial fluid, which reduces friction between the bones of the knee joint while you move your leg.

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Iliotibial Band Syndrome

Iliotibial band syndrome is an overuse injury resulting from the inflammation of iliotibial band.

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Lateral Patellar Compression Syndrome

Lateral patellar compression syndrome refers to pain under and around your kneecap.

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Osteochondritis Dissecans

Osteochondritis dissecans is a joint condition in which a piece of cartilage, along with a thin layer...

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Shin Splints

Shin Splints

“Shin splints” is used to describe the pain and inflammation of the tendons, muscles and bone tissue...

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Knee Injury

Pain, swelling and stiffness are the common symptoms of any damage or injury to the knee.

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Unstable Knee

The knee joint is one of the largest joints in the body.

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Goosefoot Bursitis of the Knee

A bursa is a small fluid-filled sac found between soft tissues and bones.

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Knee Sprain

Knee sprain is a common injury that occurs from overstretching of the ligaments that support the knee joint.

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ACL Tears

The anterior cruciate ligament, or ACL, is one of the major ligaments of the knee...

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MCL Tears

The medial collateral ligament (MCL) is the ligament that is located on the inner part of the knee joint.

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MCL Sprain

The medial collateral ligament (MCL), a band of tissue present on the inside of your knee joint, connects your thigh bone and shin bone (bone of your lower leg).

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Meniscal Injuries

The knee is one of the most complex and largest joint in the body, and is more susceptible to injury.

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Meniscal Tears

Meniscal Tears

Meniscus tear is the commonest knee injury in athletes, especially those involved in contact sports.

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Ligament Injuries

The knee is a complex joint which consists of bone, cartilage, ligaments and tendons that make joint...

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Multiligament Instability

The knee is a complex joint of the body which is vital for movement.

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Knee Arthritis

Arthritis is a general term covering numerous conditions where the joint surface or cartilage wears out.

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Patellar Dislocation/Patellofemoral Dislocation

Patella (knee cap) is a protective bone attached to the quadriceps muscles of the thigh by quadriceps tendon.

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PCL Injuries

Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL), one of four major ligaments of the knee are situated at the back of the knee.

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Chondral (Articular Cartilage Defects)

Articular or hyaline cartilage is the tissue lining the surface of the two bones in the knee joint.

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Patellar Instability

Patellar (knee cap) instability results from one or more dislocations or partial dislocations (subluxations).

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Patella Fracture

The knee cap or patella is the largest sesamoid bone in the body...

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Recurrent Patella Dislocation

The patella (knee cap) is a small bone that shields your knee joint.

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Quadriceps Tendon Rupture

Quadriceps tendon is a thick tissue located at the top of the kneecap.

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Patella Tendon Rupture

Patella tendon rupture is the rupture of the tendon that connects the patella...

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Lateral Meniscus Syndrome

The knee joint is formed by the union of two bones, namely the femur (thigh bone) and the tibia (lower leg bone).

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Medial Meniscus Syndrome

Of the menisci within the knee, it is the medial that is more easily injured.

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Tibial Eminence Spine Avulsions

Tibial eminence spine avulsion fracture is avulsion (tear away) of the tibial...

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Osteonecrosis of the Knee

Osteonecrosis is a condition in which death of a section of bone occurs because of lack of blood supply to it.

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Knee Angular Deformities

Angular deformities of the knee are common during childhood and usually are variations in the normal growth pattern.

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Procedures

Non-surgical Treatments

Pharmacological

The knee is a complex joint which consists of bone, cartilage, ligaments and tendons...

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PRP

Our blood consists of a liquid component known as plasma. It also consists of three main solid...

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Viscosupplementation

Viscosupplementation refers to the injection of a hyaluronan preparation into the joint.

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Cortisone Injection

Cortisone is a corticosteroid released by the adrenal gland in response to stress and is a potent anti-inflammatory agent.

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Physiotherapy

Physiotherapy or physical therapy is an exercise program that helps you to improve...

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Surgical Treatment

Knee Arthroscopy

Knee Arthroscopy

Knee Arthroscopy is a common surgical procedure performed using an arthroscope...

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Knee Replacement and Reconstruction

Knee Osteotomy

Knee Osteotomy is a surgical procedure in which the upper shinbone (tibia) or lower thighbone (femur) is cut and realigned.

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High Tibial Osteotomy
High Tibial Osteotomy

High tibial osteotomy is a surgical procedure performed to relieve pressure on the damaged site of an arthritic knee joint.

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Tibial Tubercle Osteotomy

Tibial tubercle osteotomy is a surgical procedure which is performed along with other...

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Unicompartmental Knee Replacement

Unicompartmental knee replacement is a minimally invasive surgery in which only the damaged compartment of the knee is replaced with an implant.

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Patellofemoral Knee Replacement

Patellofemoral Knee Replacement surgery may be recommended by your surgeon...

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What is new in Knee Replacement

For a patient considering knee replacement surgery, there are new developments...

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Computer Navigation for Total Knee Replacement

A total knee replacement surgery is the last resort to relieve pain and restore function ...

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Total Knee Replacement
Total Knee Replacement

Total knee replacement, also called total knee arthroplasty, is a surgical procedure...

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Revision Knee Replacement
Revision Knee Replacement

Revision knee replacement surgery involves replacing part or all your previous knee prosthesis with a new prosthesis.

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Robotic Assisted Partial Knee Surgery

Robotic assisted partial knee surgery is an innovative alternative to the conventional...

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Medial Patellofemoral Ligament Reconstruction

Medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction is a surgical procedure indicated in patients with more severe patellar instability.

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Distal Realignment Procedures

Distal realignment procedures, also known as TTT or tibial tubercle transfer procedures...

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Arthroscopic Reconstruction of the Knee for Ligament Injuries

The knee is the most complex joint in the body and is formed by the articulation between the thigh bone (femur) and the shinbone (tibia).

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PCL Reconstruction
PCL Reconstruction

Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL), one of four major ligaments of the knee are situated at the back of the knee.

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LCL Reconstruction

Lateral collateral ligament (LCL) is a thin set of tissues present on the outer side...

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ACL Reconstruction
ACL Reconstruction

The anterior cruciate ligament is one of the major stabilizing ligaments in the knee.

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Outpatient Total Knee Replacement

Total knee replacement is the surgical treatment for knee arthritis, where the damaged...

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Tricompartmental Knee Replacement

Tricompartmental knee replacement, also called total knee arthroplasty, is a surgical...

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After Knee Replacement

Knee replacement is a surgery performed to replace parts of a diseased knee joint with an artificial prosthesis.

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Patient Specific Knee Options

Custom - fitted Total Knee Arthroplasty

Custom fitted total knee arthroplasty is a newer technology in total knee replacement surgery.

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Signature Knees

The knee joint, made up of the ends of the femur (thigh bone) and tibia (shin bone) is cushioned by a spongy tissue called cartilage.

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Knee Implants

Knee implants are artificial devices that form the essential parts of the knee during a knee replacement surgery.

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Cartilage Restoration

Patellar Tendon Repair

Patella tendon rupture is the rupture of the tendon that connects the patella (knee cap) to the top portion of the tibia (shin bone).

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Knee Ligament Reconstruction

The knee is the most complex joint in the body and is formed by the articulation between the thigh bone (femur) and the shinbone (tibia).

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Cartilage Replacement

Cartilage replacement is a surgical procedure performed to replace the worn-out cartilage with the new cartilage.

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Cartilage Repair and Transplantation

Articular Cartilage is the white tissue lining the end of bones where these bones connect to form joints.

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OATS

OATS is “osteochondral autograft transfer system”.

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Resurfacing

Bicompartmental Knee Resurfacing

The knee can be divided into three compartments: Patellofemoral, the compartment on...

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Partial Knee Resurfacing

Partial knee replacement is an alternative to total knee replacement in patients with arthritis on only one side of the knee.

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Others

Autologus Chondrocyte Implantation

Autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) is a procedure to treat the articular cartilage defects of the knee.

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Subchondroplasty
Subchondroplasty

Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a common form of arthritis that causes joint pain and stiffness.

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Partial Meniscectomy

Partial meniscectomy is a surgical procedure to remove the torn portion of the meniscus from the knee joint.

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Meniscal Surgery

Meniscus tear is the commonest knee injury in athletes, especially those involved in contact sports.

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Limb Lengthening

Limb lengthening is a reconstructive procedure where the deformed bone is straightened or missing bone is replaced.

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